Die größte Insel des Saronischen Golfes steht in so kurzer Nähe von Piräus, dass sie eigentlich sein Vorort ist. Salamina hat große, mit Pinien bepflanzte. Finden Sie online Hotels auf Salamina, Griechenland. Gute Verfügbarkeiten und attraktive Preise. Lesen Sie Gästebewertungen und wählen Sie das beste. Salamina steht für: Salamina (Caldas), eine Gemeinde in Caldas in Kolumbien; Salamina (Magdalena), eine Gemeinde in Magdalena in Kolumbien; Salamis.
Photo gallery of Salamina. Two of the most tranquil beaches on the island. A remote yet organized beach. In order to reach it, you cross the beautiful forest at the region of Kanakia.
Salamina town, Sea food. Selinia, Greek cuisine and sea food. Salamina town, Italian cuisine. There used to be ten windmills on the island built in the18 th c , but nowadays only two survive, overlooking the town of Salamina.
There are numerous and take place all year long: Feast of Faneromeni at the church of the same name, August th , Salaminia anniversary of the battle of Salamina, held in September and a variety of summer cultural events at the theatre of Euripides.
The island has two forests Faneromeni and Kanakia , perfect to walk and relax. The house of the Greek poet Angelos Sikelianos: The lack of corresponding investment in infrastructure , combined with heavy industry, has led to sea and beach pollution on this side of the island.
An oil spill occurred off the coast of Salamis Island in September A significant part of Salamis Island is rocky and mountainous. On the southern part of the island a pine forest is located, which is unusual for western Attica.
Unfortunately, this forest is often a target for fires. Salamis Island is very popular for holiday and weekend visits from Athens mainland; its population rises to , in peak season of which c.
On the south of the island, away from the port, there are a number of less developed areas with good swimming beaches including those of Aianteio, Maroudi, Perani, Peristeria, Kolones, Saterli, Selenia and Kanakia.
Salamis Island belongs to the Islands regional unit of the Attica region. Since the local government reform the island is administered as one municipality.
Before, the island was divided into two municipalities, that became municipal units at the reform: In the municipal unit of Salamina, which has a land area of In the municipal unit of Ampelakia, which has a land area of As of the midth century, the majority of the inhabitants were Arvanite ; a thing that changed during the past 20 years due to settlement of a lot of Athenians on the island to the degree that nowadays Arvanites are a fraction of the population, living mainly in Salamina town, Ampelakia and Moulki Aianteion.
Many ferryboats, fishing vessels and port police craft dock in this harbor. Paloukia is the base for the port police department of Salamina.
Most visitors who come to Salamina first arrive at Paloukia via ferryboats that run between Paloukia and Perama or Piraeus. In the mountain, there is a cave of archeological interest that has not been investigated yet.
In the winter there are few tourists; it is more popular with vacationers from Athens during the summer months. The beaches of Kaki Vigla are relatively clean and the area has pine and olive trees near the shore.
It took its name from the bird of peace, the dove Greek: Another interpretation says that its name may be derived from the doves which were living and had nests in the area.
The area has a marina, which has yachts and fishing boats. The beaches of Peristeria are the cleanest of Salamis. The village is near the Cave of Euripides , associated with the famous ancient playwright.
The area is located at the northwest of the island opposite of Elefsina. In the area there is one of the oldest landmarks, the chantry of Saint Grigorios Saint Gregory.
The area is separated from Fanaromeni Monastery by a hill with shrubs and pine trees. The area is adjacent to the bay of Agios Georgios.
Steno has wide and well-planned roads. Vasilika is the third largest area in Salamis by population after Salamis City and Aianteio. Vasilika has a sandy large beach apt for swimming.
The area was so named because the first residents were not from Salamis but from nearby Piraeus. In the resulting Battle of Thermopylae , the rearguard of the Greek force was annihilated, whilst in the Battle of Artemisium the Greeks had heavy losses and retreated after the loss at Thermopylae.
The Allies prepared to defend the Isthmus of Corinth while the fleet was withdrawn to nearby Salamis Island. Although heavily outnumbered, the Greek Allies were persuaded by the Athenian general Themistocles to bring the Persian fleet to battle again, in the hope that a victory would prevent naval operations against the Peloponnese.
The Persian king Xerxes was also eager for a decisive battle. As a result of subterfuge on the part of Themistocles, the Persian navy rowed into the Straits of Salamis and tried to block both entrances.
In the cramped conditions of the Straits, the great Persian numbers were an active hindrance, as ships struggled to maneuver and became disorganized.
Seizing the opportunity, the Greek fleet formed in line and scored a decisive victory. Xerxes retreated to Asia with much of his army, leaving Mardonius to complete the conquest of Greece.
However, the following year, the remainder of the Persian army was decisively beaten at the Battle of Plataea and the Persian navy at the Battle of Mycale.
The Persians made no further attempts to conquer the Greek mainland. These battles of Salamis and Plataea thus mark a turning point in the course of the Greco-Persian wars as a whole; from then onward, the Greek poleis would take the offensive.
A number of historians believe that a Persian victory would have hamstrung the development of Ancient Greece, and by extension western civilization, and this has led them to argue that Salamis is one of the most significant battles in human history.
He wrote his Enquiries Greek: The Histories around — BC, trying to trace the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars, which would still have been relatively recent history the wars finally ending in BC.
Some subsequent ancient historians, despite following in his footsteps, criticised Herodotus, starting with Thucydides.
The Sicilian historian Diodorus Siculus , writing in the 1st century BC in his Bibliotheca Historica , also provides an account of the Greco-Persian wars, partially derived from the earlier Greek historian Ephorus.
The Persian Empire was still relatively young, and prone to revolts amongst its subject peoples. In Athens, however, the ambassadors were put on trial and then executed; in Sparta, they were simply thrown down a well.
Darius thus put together an amphibious task force under Datis and Artaphernes in BC, which attacked Naxos , before receiving the submission of the other Cycladic Islands.
The task force then moved on Eretria, which it besieged and destroyed. At the ensuing Battle of Marathon , the Athenians won a remarkable victory, which resulted in the withdrawal of the Persian army to Asia.
Darius therefore began raising a huge new army with which he meant to completely subjugate Greece; however, in BC, his Egyptian subjects revolted, indefinitely postponing any Greek expedition.
The Athenians had also been preparing for war with the Persians since the mids BC, and in BC the decision was taken, under the guidance of the Athenian politician Themistocles , to build a massive fleet of triremes that would be necessary for the Greeks to fight the Persians.
In BC, Xerxes sent ambassadors around Greece asking for earth and water, but made the very deliberate omission of Athens and Sparta.
A congress of city states met at Corinth in late autumn of BC,  and a confederate alliance of Greek city-states was formed.
It had the power to send envoys asking for assistance and to dispatch troops from the member states to defensive points after joint consultation.
This was remarkable for the disjointed Greek world, especially since many of the city-states in attendance were still technically at war with each other.
A second strategy was therefore adopted by the allies. The route to southern Greece Boeotia, Attica and the Peloponnese would require the army of Xerxes to travel through the very narrow pass of Thermopylae.
This could easily be blocked by the Greek hoplites, despite the overwhelming numbers of Persians. Furthermore, to prevent the Persians bypassing Thermopylae by sea, the Athenian and allied navies could block the straits of Artemisium.
This dual strategy was adopted by the congress. Famously, the much smaller Greek army held the pass of Thermopylae against the Persians for three days before being outflanked by a mountain path.
Much of the Greek army retreated, before the Spartans and Thespians who had continued to block the pass were surrounded and killed.
The Allied fleet now rowed from Artemisium to Salamis to assist with the final evacuation of Athens. En route Themistocles left inscriptions addressed to the Ionian Greek crews of the Persian fleet on all springs of water that they might stop at, asking them to defect to the Allied cause.
This strategy was flawed, however, unless the Allied fleet was able to prevent the Persian fleet from transporting troops across the Saronic Gulf.
In a council-of-war called once the evacuation of Athens was complete, the Corinthian naval commander Adeimantus argued that the fleet should assemble off the coast of the Isthmus in order to achieve such a blockade.
He drew on the lessons of Artemisium, pointing out that "battle in close conditions works to our advantage".
The time-line for Salamis is difficult to establish with any certainty. It is difficult to explain exactly what eventually brought about the battle, assuming that neither side simply attacked without forethought.
Either way, when Xerxes received this news, he ordered his fleet to go out on patrol off the coast Salamis, blocking the southern exit. According to Herodotus, the Allies spent the evening heatedly debating their course of action.
The next morning, the Persians rowed into the straits to attack the Greek fleet; it is not clear when, why or how this decision was made, but it is clear that they did take the battle to the Allies.
Herodotus reports that there were triremes in the Allied fleet, and then breaks the numbers down by city state as indicated in the table.